Pope Francis today held a historic meeting with the top Shia Islam cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani on day two of his landmark visit to Iraq.
The 84-year-old, who defied security fears and the pandemic to become the first pontiff to travel to the Gulf, met with the Grand Ayatollah in Najaf on the second of his four-day trip.
Pope Francis, the first to meet with such a senior Shi’ite cleric, was driven to the home of the Ayatollah in a bullet-proof vehicle on Saturday morning.
Children had lined the streets and waved Iraqi and Vatican flags to mark his arrival.
The meeting was unusual for al-Sistani, 90, who rarely sees world leaders.
The 84-year-old, who defied security fears and the pandemic to become the first pontiff to travel to Iraq, met with the Grand Ayatollah in Najaf today on the second of his four-day trip
Following the hour-long discussion, Pope Francis travelled to the ruins of Ur in southern Iraq, revered as the birthplace of Abraham, father of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
He will later fly back to Baghdad, where he is expected to deliver mass at the Chaldean Cathedral of Saint Joseph.
Al-Sistani is one of the most influential figures in Shia Islam, and has previously refused to meet with Iraq’s current and former Prime Ministers.
It is understood he agreed to speak with the Pope on the condition that no Iraqi officials would be present.
The meeting took place inside al-Sistani’s home, which he has rented for decades in Najaf.
The Pope left Rome early Friday for the four-day trip, his first abroad since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, which left the leader of the world’s 1.3 billion Catholics saying he felt ‘caged’ inside the Vatican.
Pope Francis arrives to meet with Iraq’s top Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani today
The Pope’s convoy arrives to the house of al-Sistani ahead of the landmark meeting
‘I’m happy to resume travel, and this symbolic trip is also a duty to a land that has been martyred for years,’ he told journalists aboard his plane.
His plane landed at 1.55pm, flying the flags of both Vatican City and Iraq as it taxied on the tarmac at Baghdad International Airport, where Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhemi greeted him.
‘With love and peace, Iraq’s people and government are welcoming His Holiness Pope Francis and reaffirming the depths of this humanitarian bond,’ Kadhemi said ahead of the pope’s arrival.
Francis subsequently met Iraqi president Barham Salih and other authorities gathered at the Baghdad palace inside the heavily fortified Green Zone, telling them that no one should be considered a second-class citizen.
Pope Francis wore a face mask as he arrived at the small home in Najaf on the second of his four-day trip
The meeting was highly unusual for al-Sistani, 90, who rarely sees world leaders
Pope Francis, the first to meet with such a senior Shi’ite cleric, was driven to the home of the Ayatollah in a bullet-proof vehicle on Saturday morning
The Pope left Rome early Friday for the four-day trip, his first abroad since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic
He said Iraqis of all faiths deserve to have the same rights and protections as the Shiite Muslim majority, in a country facing turmoil beset by both political violence and the effects of the pandemic.
While Francis has been vaccinated, Iraq has been gripped by a second wave of infection with 5,000 plus new cases a day, prompting authorities to impose a full lockdown during the pontiff’s visit.
‘I’ll try to follow directions and not shake hands with everyone, but I don’t want to stay too far,’ Francis said ahead of his arrival.
Security will be tight in Iraq, which has endured years of war and insurgency, is still hunting for Islamic State sleeper cells, and days ago saw a barrage of rockets plough into a military base.
Francis will preside over a half-dozen services in ravaged churches, refurbished stadiums and remote desert locations, where attendance will be limited to allow for social distancing.
Children had lined the streets and waved Iraqi and Vatican flags to mark his arrival
Pope Francis is welcomed to Najaf with the release of a dove as he arrived to meet al-Sistani
Inside the country, he will travel more than 870 miles by plane and helicopter, flying over areas where security forces are still battling IS remnants.
For shorter trips, Francis will take an armoured car on freshly paved roads that will be lined with flowers and posters welcoming the leader known here as ‘Baba Al-Vatican’.
The pope’s visit has deeply touched Iraq’s Christians, whose numbers have collapsed over years of persecution and sectarian violence, from 1.5 million in 2003 to fewer than 400,000 today.
‘We’re hoping the pope will explain to the government that it needs to help its people,’ a Christian from Iraq’s north, Saad al-Rassam, told AFP. ‘We have suffered so much, we need the support.’
Pope Francis is the first to visit Iraq, after Pope John Paul II had to cancel a trip in 2000 after talks with the Government of then-leader Saddam Hussein broke down.