New laws to crack down on ‘online harm’ will not become a ‘woke charter’, the Culture Secretary vowed last night.
Warning social media giants not to damage democracy, Oliver Dowden unveiled powers yesterday to ‘seize back control’ amid concerns Twitter and Facebook can act as judge and jury in decisions to block contributions from conservative-leaning commentators.
It will be part of a new Online Safety Bill to hold tech firms responsible for protecting children from internet pornography, cyberbullying and sites promoting self-harm and suicide.
Under the bill, social media firms who fail to protect children online could be shut-down.
But there was confusion last night over the bill’s effect on legitimate journalism.
The Government said articles from recognised news publishers would be exempt from the regime, but also admitted they might still be ‘moderated’ by online platforms.
If articles were removed there would be an appeals process overseen by Ofcom. But industry experts said appeals would be pointless due to the short shelf-life of news, and the involvement of Ofcom would mean state regulation by the back door.
New laws to crack down on ‘online harm’ will not become a ‘woke charter’, the Culture Secretary vowed last night. Warning social media giants not to damage democracy, Oliver Dowden unveiled powers yesterday to ‘seize back control’ amid concerns Twitter and Facebook can act as judge and jury in decisions to block contributions from conservative-leaning commentators [Stock image]
It would also mean that an article the public could freely read in the Daily Mail newspaper, or MailOnline’s own website, might still be banned by Google and Facebook.
Mr Dowden said the measures would enable him to look the father of Molly Russell in the eye. The 14-year-old took her own life in 2017 after seeing self-harm material on Instagram.
Mr Dowden said there was overwhelming public pressure for social media companies to ‘up their game’ and do more to protect youngsters.
But he will face criticism over continued delays in imposing age-verification on commercial pornography sites.
The new provisions on upholding democratic debate follow concerns in recent months about the way tech firms can take unilateral decisions to block people from their sites.
In January, YouTube removed TalkRadio’s channel for breaking its rules. It was later reinstated after an outcry. In an interview with the Daily Mail, Mr Dowden said he was determined not to allow online platforms to ‘censor’ views. ‘The crucial thing is this can’t become a woke charter,’ he said.
‘This has got to be about tackling serious harms like racism, protecting our kids, illegal terrorist content. I don’t want this to be hijacked by a woke agenda that moves into censorship.’ Decisions on who can be banned online must not be left solely to bosses of global tech giants, he said.
Instead, people can appeal against decisions to take them down, and if Ofcom is not happy with the appeals process the firms could be fined.
Mr Dowden (pictured) said there was overwhelming public pressure for social media companies to ‘up their game’ and do more to protect youngsters. But he will face criticism over continued delays in imposing age-verification on commercial pornography sites [File photo]
Sites will be forbidden from discriminating against particular political viewpoints, and they must protect content promoting or opposing government policy in advance of a vote in Parliament, election or referendum.
‘This is about seizing back control and making sure that, rather than these decisions purely being made by West Coast tech executives accountable to their shareholders, there is some democratic accountability through ministers setting rules for regulators,’ Mr Dowden said.
But the fact the legislation includes an Ofcom appeals process means it appears to fall short of the full exemption for journalism the news industry has called for, and the Government expects tech giants to block some legitimate news content.
On Tuesday, digital minister Caroline Dinenage promised MPs would get to decided what legal but harmful online material Ofcom would be allowed to police.
Under the new duty of care, tech firms will have to remove harmful content such as child sexual abuse, terrorist material and suicide content.
Ofcom will be able to fine companies failing to do this, up to £18million or 10 per cent of annual global turnover. A criminal offence for senior managers could also be introduced in future.
‘I think this is about genuine accountability for tech firms and cleaning up the public square,’ said Mr Dowden.
He added: ‘As a parent, I feel very strongly and every parent I speak to worries about their kids online.
The new powers were unveiled on Tuesday as the Queen’s Speech marked the State Opening of Parliament. Pictured: Prime Minister Boris Johnson during a debate on the speech
‘When I speak to parents like Ian Russell and hear what happened with his child, it is the stuff of parents’ nightmares.’
Mr Dowden admitted the Bill would only tackle pornography on social media but ‘we’re continuing to work through’ addressing an age verification regime on commercial porn sites.
The culture secretary meanwhile told the Telegraph there could be ‘no excuses’ for tech firms who he said ‘must face the consequences’ if they fail to adhere to the new rules.
Social media giants such as Facebook, Instagram and Youtube will be made to end ‘no further questions asked’ age verification processes – which can be easily side-stepped by youngsters.
Those who fail to enforce their minimum age limits – Facebook’s is currently 13 – would face sanctions, Mr Dowden said.
He told the Telegraph: ‘Enough is enough. We’re all sick to death of the bile and the threats.
‘If it’s illegal, platforms like Facebook and Twitter will have to flag and remove online abuse quickly and effectively or face the consequences. No more excuses.’
Meanwhile, Mr Russell told the Telegraph: ‘If that is watered down in any way and if harmful content continues to be promoted and pushed by tech companies’ algorithms, then the Bill will have failed and people will remain at risk.’
It comes after free speech campaigners last night welcomed Boris Johnson’s war on woke after he unveiled a new law forcing universities to protect freedom of speech.
The Higher Education (Freedom of Speech) Bill will aim to end the so-called ‘no platforming’ of speakers and academics on campuses.
Regulator the Office for Students will get the power to fine institutions and student unions for breaching new duties designed to foster ‘a culture of open and robust intellectual debate’.
People who believe their freedom of speech has been impinged will also get the power to go to court to seek financial compensation.
The plan prompted a storm of protest from unions, with the UCU accusing the Gpvernment of ’embarking on a pseudo freedom of speech crusade on campuses’.
But campaign group, the Free Speech Union, today welcomed the plan, saying in a post on Twitter: ‘Great to see the Government following through on its pledge to better protect free speech in universities.
‘In the past year we’ve dealt with over 100 campus free speech cases.
‘Anyone who thinks speech protections in universities don’t need strengthening hasn’t been paying attention.’
The plan was also backed by former UKIP chief Nigel Farage, who described the move as ‘vital’, while education secretary Gavin Williamson also backed the proposals.