“The public interest is not served by executing individuals before they have had the opportunity to avail themselves of legitimate procedures to challenge the legality of their executions,” US District Judge Tanya Chutkan wrote in her order issued Wednesday.
Barr also directed the federal government to adopt a new protocol for executions — similar to what several states use — of replacing a three-drug lethal injection previously used in federal executions with a single drug, pentobarbital.
When Barr made his announcement, legal experts questioned whether any of the executions would take place and predicted that there would be legal challenges to the protocol, which had been under review for years.
In the months after, the four death row prisoners scheduled to be executed joined an existing legal challenge to the death penalty protocol and filed motions for preliminary injunctions.
The four federal inmates challenging the federal executions argued that the new protocol to be used in federal executions is “unlawful and unconstitutional on numerous grounds.” They argued that it differs from state protocols and that legally federal executions must be carried out according to state law.
In her ruling Wednesday, Chutkan noted that without issuing a preliminary injunction to halt the executions the individuals would not be able to pursue their legal case “and would therefore be executed under a procedure that may well be unlawful.”
The four federal inmates who were ordered to be executed are Daniel Lewis Lee for murdering a family of three, including an 8-year-old girl; Wesley Ira Purkey for raping and murdering a 16-year-old girl; Alfred Bourgeois for torturing and killing his own 2-year-old daughter; Dustin Lee Honken, for shooting and killing five people, including two young girls.
The executions were scheduled from December 9 to January 15 at the US Penitentiary Terre Haute in Indiana.
The debate over capital punishment has been longstanding, with advocates arguing it’s a deterrent against serious crime and that justice is served for the victims or victims’ families. Opponents, however, point to the racial disparities of death row inmates, the financial costs, and wrongful convictions.
CNN’s Ariane de Vogue and David Shortell contributed to this report.