The bear was recaptured this April, according to a spokesman for the region’s local government. But only hours later, it escaped again from the fenced area, which it shared with a second, female bear.
Once returned to captivity, Papillon was castrated in a bid to “calm him down,” according to the spokesman.
But it clearly didn’t work.
“The problem is he is too wild and has a strong instinct to return to the forest,” the spokesperson told CNN at the time.
Brown bears were reintroduced to the region in 1999 as part of the Life Ursus project, which sought to conserve the species in the Alps. The scheme, launched by the National Institute of Wild Fauna, has led to 100 bears living in Trentino province today.
The aim had been for the bears to disperse, but instead they concentrated in the area, according to the government spokesman, and are “fearless of humans and livestock.” The animals are believed to be responsible for killing several donkeys, goats and cows.
There have also been several bear attacks in the region in recent years, and local authorities have a database of bear DNA collected from feces, fur and saliva. Surveillance cameras are used to match the DNA to the animals.
“Every animal must be free to live according to its nature,” he wrote in the post. “Papillon must live!”
CNN’s Valentina Di Donato and Lianne Kolirin contributed to this report.