Moshe Bergman, 24, from Manchester, has been named as a victim of the deadly crush at the Lag B’Omer festival, near Mount Meron
Israel observed a day of mourning today for 45 people crushed to death at a Jewish religious festival, after a British man, 24, was named amongst the victims.
Flags were lowered to half-mast across the country and questions are raised about accountability for one of the country’s worst civilian disasters.
In accordance with Jewish tradition, funerals were held with as little delay as possible. More than 20 of the victims of Thursday’s disaster on Mount Meron were buried overnight after official identification was completed.
Moshe Bergman, 24, from Manchester was named as among the victim of the stampede on Saturday.
The bodies of 32 victims killed in the crush at the Lag B’Omer festival, near Mount Meron, have so far been identified.
Others killed include two brothers, Moshe Natan Englander, 14, and Yehoshua Englander, 9, from Jerusalem, though Israel’s Health Ministry has confirmed some identifications may require DNA, finger printing and dental testing.
Dr Chen Kugel, director of the National Center of Forensic Medicine, said: ‘We are working hard, but you have to understand that this is a complex and sensitive process,’ adding the work must be done ‘responsibly.’
According to the Jewish News, Bergman was studying at the Mir Yeshiva in Jerusalem.
His death was reportedly confirmed by the UK Charedi community leaders after his family made desperate appeals for information on his whereabouts.
The bodies of those killed at the religious festival were taken to the Greenberg Institute of Forensic Medicine in Tel Aviv. Some funerals have already taken placed, with that of Rabbi Elazar Goldberg among the first.
‘I only wish that we achieve even a small fraction of your stature in studies and holy devotion,’ Avigdor Chayut said, eulogising his 13-year-old son, Yedidya, at a funeral in the town of Bnei Brak, near Tel Aviv.
The victims died when an overnight annual pilgrimage by large crowds of ultra-Orthodox faithful to the tomb of a second-century Jewish mystic, Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, in northern Israel ended in a stampede.
Flags were lowered to half-mast across the country (pictured here at the western Wall Plaza in Jerusalem) and questions are raised about accountability for one of the country’s worst civilian disasters
People gathered to celebrate the Jewish holiday of Lag BaOmer on Mount Meron, Israel, on April 29
Emergency workers hug as they arrive at the site where 45 people were crushed to death in a stampede on Thursday evening
Israelis lit candles at the site of Thursday night’s deadly crush in remembrance of the 45 people who were killed in the stampede
The walls of Jerusalem’s old city were illuminated with the Israeli flag and candles on May 1 in mourning of the 45 people who were killed during the Lad Ba’Omer stampede on Thursday
Witnesses described a pyramid of bodies, including several children, in a packed and slippery metal-floored passageway.
Israeli media outlets estimated that some 100,000 people attended the event, numbers that underscored a relaxing of coronavirus restrictions in a country that had sped ahead of others in its vaccination rollout.
It was suggested on Saturday that religious leaders had put pressure on organisers of the Lag B’Omer festival not to limit numbers, as it emerged more than 100,000 people had been in attendance.
Evidence was mounting that it was a disaster waiting to happen at a pilgrimage site that state investigators had labelled years ago as hazardous.
Reports from 2008 and 2011 had warned large numbers posed a ‘danger to human life’ and advised that capacity should not exceed 15,000.
Questions were also being raised as to whether the government and police had been reluctant to reduce the crowd size so as not to anger influential ultra-Orthodox rabbis and politicians.
‘A thorough inquiry is required,’ Culture Minister Hili Tropper told Kan public radio. ‘This terrible disaster will help everyone understand … that there should be no place where the state does not set the rules.’
The Justice Ministry said investigators would look into whether there had been any police misconduct.
Police and regional government officials said the Mount Meron site was administered by four separate private religious groups, making oversight difficult.
There have been talks of a potential state commission of inquiry following the disaster, with questions likely to be posed to those involved in planning, approving and securing the event.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has promised an investigation. His presidential mandate to form a new government, after an inconclusive March 23 election, expires on Wednesday, but public calls to determine responsibility for the tragedy seemed certain to hound any incoming administration.
The US Embassy said US citizens were among the dead and injured, but did not immediately name them.
US media have identified some of the dead, including a 19-year-old who was in Israel on a gap year. Two Canadians were killed in the disaster, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said on Friday.
Condolences poured in from leaders around the world, including U.S. President Joe Biden and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
This is thought to be the area where the crush began when people slipped and fell on a stairway before others piled on top of them due to the sheer weight of numbers, meaning they were unable to get up
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men take part in a funeral ceremony in Jerusalem for a victim of a stampede during a religious gathering in northern Israel
A body is seen during a funeral in northern Israel on May 1 after 45 people died in a stampede
People light candles during a vigil in Habima Square in the Israeli coastal city of Tel Aviv on May 1
Hundreds of thousands or worshippers are seen gathering at the festival in May 2011. Ex-comptroller Micha Lindenstrauss, who wrote a report from 13 years ago, said safety features were lacking in preventing overcrowding
Orthodox Jewish men take part in a funeral ceremony in Jerusalem for a victim of an overnight during a crush at a religious gathering in northern Israel that killed at least 45 people. Some witnesses said police barriers had blocked or restricted an exit from the festival site, leading to a deadly ‘domino effect’ – described by one witness as a ‘human avalanche’.
Funerals immediately got underway in keeping with Orthodox tradition, with large crowds taking to the streets of Jerusalem
Ultra-Orthodox mourners gather around the body of Menachem Knoblowitz, 21, from Borough Park, Brooklyn, who died during the Lag BaOmer celebrations
The body of Mr Knoblowitz, 21, arrives for his funeral in Jerusalem on Saturday, May 1
Mourners carry the body of Mr Knoblovitz. A stampede at a religious festival attended by tens of thousands of Ultra-Orthodox Jews in northern Israel killed dozens of people and injured about 150
Those familiar with the investigation told the Israeli Channel 13 how ministers had allegedly asked police to ensure large numbers would be able to enter the burial site of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai.
This allowance was in a bid to compensate for the cancellation of last year’s event, which was axed due to Covid-19, the Times of Israel reported.
The head of Shas, a Haredi religious political party in Israel, allegedly wrote to Public Security Minister Amir Ohana ahead of the festivities saying that ‘anyone who wants to come [to Meron] should be allowed to do so.’
It is alleged that Ohana then approved the request, and consequently no limits were placed on the number of attendees at Meron despite fears over Covid infections.
However, according to Kan News, insiders from Israel Police’s Northern District have blamed the Religious Affairs Ministry for the tragedy. It was claimed there was ‘political pressure on police to hold the event at any cost.’
The source added: ‘There is no other event in Israel that police approve without an overall producer [who takes responsibility for attendants’ security.
‘It’s the greatest mass gathering in Israel. In no other event does the political pressure on police come close to the amount of pressure [brought forth] to hold the Meron event.’
At least 150 were hurt including six in critical, 18 seriously hurt, eight in moderate condition, and 80 lightly injured – though some Israeli media reported up to 28 in critical
Israeli Ultra-Orthodox Mourners attend the funeral of Rabbi Eliezer Goldberg, who died in a stampede during Bonfires on Lag Ba’Omer event in Mount Meron, in Jerusalem
Rescue workers take a dead body into an ambulance on Mount Meron, northern Israel, where fatalities were reported
Israeli rescuers transport injured Ultra-Orthodox Jews from an event celebrating Lag Ba’Omer to a hospital in Mount Meron
Mourners gather next to the house of Menahem Zachach, 24, who died during Lag BaOmer celebrations at Mt. Meron in northern Israel
So far, only one person has taken responsibility for the disaster, which left at least 150 people with injuries – including six who are in a critical condition.
Northern District Commander Shimon Lavi, who took charge of security for the Lag B’Omer festival, said yesterday: ‘I bear overall responsibility, for better or worse, and am ready for any investigation.’
He called for an independent probe to be mounted, but added that the crush was ‘definitely not’ the responsibility of individual officers who he praised for going into the crowd to help the wounded and dying.
It comes as it emerged today that a report written 13 years ago warned safety features were lacking in preventing overcrowding at Mount Meron on Thursday.
What is Lag B’Omer, the festival where dozens where crushed to death?
Lag B’Omer is a festival that occurs on the 33rd day of the Omer, a 49-day period between the Jewish holy days of Passover and Shavuot.
The day is marked by night-time celebrations including the lighting of bonfires, dancing and prayers that take place around the tomb of 2nd century Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai in Mount Meron, in the north of the country.
The rabbi has multiple links to the festival day.
Some mystics believe that on 18th day of the Hebrew month of Iyar, he revealed the deepest secrets of kabbalah in the form of the Zohar, or Book of Splendor, a landmark text of Jewish mysticism.
Others mark the day as the end of a plague which killed all but five of Rabbi Akiva’s disciples – one of whom was Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai.
Some also observe Lag B’Omer as the day of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai’s death.
The rabbi’s followers traditionally light bonfires next to his tomb to symbolise the spiritual light that can be found within his teachings.
It is thought members of the Toldot Aharon Hassidic sect were holding a bonfire lighting ceremony beside the tomb when Thursday night’s accident happened.
Toldot Aharon is perhaps the most insular sect of Israel’s Orthodox Jews, believing themselves to be ‘one organic entity’, shunning all influence or interference from outsiders, according to JPost.
Other traditions include Jewish men giving their sons their first haircuts, and it is also a day of weddings – with Lag B’Omer being the only day during Omer that the ceremonies are permitted, according to some traditions.
Zionist Jews also mark the event with bonfires, though for a different reason, believing they represent the Bar Kochba rebellions against the Romans.
Ex-comptroller Micha Lindenstrauss said the site was unable to manage numbers larger than 15,000 people, according to the Jerusalem Post.
He also told of ‘dangers to human life’ due to a lack of responsibility.
A separate report in 2011 said: ‘The existing situation must be immediately changed – including ending the abandonment and harm to the holy place.’
Safety guidelines advised that a maximum of 15,000 people should be allowed at any one time. Current comptroller Matanyahu Englma said a more comprehensive investigation may be launched after the stampede.
Victims of the tragedy have begun to be identified as Israel comes to terms with one of the worst peace-time disasters in its history.
Among those killed were two pairs of brothers: Yosef and Moshe Elhadad, 18 and 12, and Moshe and Joshua Englander, aged 14 and 9; Shraga Gestetner, a rabbi and signer from Montreal; two Americans: Yosef Amram Tauber, from New York, and 26-year-old Eliezer Tzvi Yoza’af; and Shimon Matalon, 38, a father-of-11.
Funerals immediately got underway in keeping with Orthodox tradition, with large crowds taking to the streets of Jerusalem to honour Rabbi Eliezer Goldberg, a 37-year-old father-of-four, with ceremonies in Bnei Brak for Menahem Zeckbach, who leaves behind a pregnant wife and one-year-old child, and Moshe Ben Shalom, 20.
In total, 45 people were killed as worshippers tripped and fell on a packed staircase at Mount Meron on Thursday.
At least 150 were hurt including six in critical, 18 seriously hurt, eight in moderate condition, and 80 lightly injured – though some Israeli media reported up to 28 in critical.
Some witnesses said police barriers had blocked or restricted an exit from the festival site, leading to a deadly ‘domino effect’ – described by one witness as a ‘human avalanche’.
‘There were just more and more and more people,’ one witness told local station KAN ‘I remember that I lay on top of someone. He wasn’t breathing.
‘There were screams; a mess. Each one trying to get out from the other, but they didn’t succeed in getting anyone out because it was a puzzle. I saw people, children, under me.’
But police sought to downplay blame amid calls for an inquiry.
Officers pointed out that up to 100,000 people had attended the festival, which is far fewer than in previous years but far more than had been anticipated this year amid ongoing Covid restrictions.
Police had warned of over-crowding even before the stampede took place, telling late-comers to stay away.
Parts of the site, including an area where traditional bonfires are held, had been limited to just 10,000 this year with barriers in place to try and restrict the numbers.
Israeli Ultra-Orthodox mourners attend the funeral of Nachma Kirshevius. On Twitter, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the deadly stampede it a ‘heavy disaster’ and added: ‘We are all praying for the wellbeing of the casualties’
Shraga Gestetner, left, a rabbi and singer from Montreal, was identified among those killed in the crush. He had flown in from Canada for the Lag B’Omer festivities and there were no immediate family in Israel to attend his funeral. Shimon Matalon, 38, right, died in the crush leaving behind eleven children
Joshua Englander, nine (left), and Moshe Natan Neta Englander, 14 (right), were another pair of brothers killed in the tragedy
Yosef David Elhadad, 18 (left), and Moshe Mordechai Elhadad, 12 (right), were brothers killed in the crush at Mount Meron
Gatherings elsewhere in Israel are still limited to 100 people, but an exception had been granted for Lag B’Omer – a festival celebrating the life of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai.
It was the largest event to have been held in Israel since Covid restrictions started to ease following the country’s world-beating vaccine drive.
During lockdown, there had been friction between the Israeli government and Orthodox Jewish community which continued to hold mass events despite the restrictions – including the funerals of two rabbis back in January.
Queen Elizabeth II sent a message of condolence to the President of Israel Reuven Rivlin following the disaster, saying: ‘I was deeply saddened by news of the disaster at the Lag B’Omer festival in Meron, Israel.
‘My thoughts are with all those who have been injured, and the friends and families of those who lost their lives. They have my deepest sympathies.’
On Twitter, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called it a ‘heavy disaster’ and added: ‘We are all praying for the wellbeing of the casualties.’
‘What happened here is heartbreaking. There were people crushed to death, including children.’
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish men take part in a funeral ceremony in Jerusalem for Eliezer Goldberg who died in the crush
Mourners gather for the funeral of Rabbi Eliezer Goldberg, as the burial was held before sundown in keeping with tradition
Mourners gather for the funeral of Rabbi Eliezer Goldberg in Jerusalem today
A man weeps at the funeral of Rabbi Eliezer Goldberg, who died during Lag BaOmer celebrations at Mt. Meron
Moshe Ben Shalom, 20, has been identified among those killed during the crush at the Lag B’Omer festival in Israel
Yonatan Hebroni (left) and Yedidya Fogel (right) have been named by Israeli media as among those killed
Menahem Zeckbach (left), was killed after leaving behind his pregnant wife and one-year-old son to attend the festival, while Simcha Diskind, 23, honoured as a prodigal scholar, was also killed
An Ultra-Orthodox Jewish man surrounded by other men weeps at a cemetary in Benei Brak, during the funeral of one of the victims on the Lag B’Omer crush
An Ultra-Orthodox Jewish woman comforts another a cemetary in Benei Brak during funerals for the victims of Mount Meron
Israeli rescue service Magen David Adom said over 250 ambulances and helicopters had been called to the site to help rescue the wounded, including helicopters of the Israeli Air Force.
The chaos was further compounded when mobile phone services set up at the site crashed, leaving people unable to call for help and separating children from their parents.
Closed last year due to coronavirus restrictions, the pilgrimage drew thousands of people who were seen packed together joyfully singing, dancing and lighting bonfires before the deadly crush.
In a cruel irony, the B’Omer holiday celebrates the end of a plague that killed thousands of Talmudic students at the time of Rabbi Bar Yochai.
‘This year, as we continue to inch closer to the end of a modern-day plague, I encourage everyone to find meaning and joy in celebrating the end of a different plague that occurred many years ago,’ a rabbi wrote in the Jerusalem Post before Friday’s tragedy.
Shachar Ba’al Haness, 19, a survivor of the crush, said he was among those that fell to the floor in the crush but remained conscious even as those around him were crushed to death.
‘I saw all the bodies. I saw bodies on me, under me. I thought I was going to die,’ he said.
Mourners break down in tears during the funeral for one of the victims of the crush on Mount Meron in northern Israel
Ultra-Orthodox Jews attend the funeral of one of the victims of Meron stampede at Segula cemetery in Petah Tikva
Orthodox Jewish festival-goers look at part of the stairway where the crush is thought to have begun – with police saying that barriers erected to maintain Covid rules created unanticipated bottlenecks in the crowd
A police officer walks through the area where dozens of people were crushed to death in a stampede at the Orthodox Jewish festival of Lag B’Omer in northern Israel
Smashed glasses pinned up against one of the barriers are seen in the early morning hours after the stampede, which is thought to have begun around 1am
‘We were going in to see the bonfire lighting, suddenly there was a wave coming out. Our bodies were swept along by themselves. People were thrown up in the air, others were crushed on the ground,’ David, a survivor, told the Ynet news site.
‘There was a kid there who kept pinching my leg, fighting for his life. We waited to be rescued for 15-20 minutes in this crazy, terrible crush. it was awful.’
‘A policeman pulled me out,’ Meir, who was lightly injured, said from his hospital bed. ‘He protected me and made sure I would not be trampled on until I was evacuated.’
‘It felt like an eternity, the dead were all around us.’
Another survivor, Zohar, told Channel 12: ‘We were walking out, everything was flowing, suddenly it stopped.
‘Everyone was pressed up against each other and we did not understand why. I lifted up my head and I saw police blocking the entrance, I shouted to them ‘people are dying here.”
‘People lost the color in their faces. I was under the bleachers, I tried to go up toward all the chaos when I heard banging above, thud, thud, and people shouting ‘escape, escape, people are dying.”
‘People fell from above and crushed each other, they squashed each other. people just fell, I will never forget the banging sounds, people flying all over.’