Ethiopia’s Abiy Ahmed is a favorite to win this year’s Nobel Peace Prize. Here’s why.

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Nobel Peace Prize winners

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Congolese gynaecologist Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad, public advocate for the Yazidi community in Iraq and survivor of sexual enslavement by the Islamic State jihadists won the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize on October 5, 2018 for their work in fighting sexual violence in conflicts around the world.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The 2016 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos for his efforts to end Colombia’s long-running civil war.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The 2015 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet for its “decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in the country in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011.” From left to right: the Secretary General of the Tunisian General Labour Union Houcine Abbassi, the President of the National Order of Tunisian Lawyers Fadhel Mahfoudh, the Tunisian Human Rights League Abdessatar Ben Moussa and the President of the Tunisian employers union Wided Bouchamaoui.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Malala Yousafzai split the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize with India’s Kailash Satyarthi for their struggles against the suppression of children and for young people’s rights. Yousafzai came to global attention after she was shot in the head by the Taliban in 2012 for her efforts to promote education for girls in Pakistan.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The European Union won the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee, from left, Tawakkol Karman of Yemen and Liberian President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2010.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

U.S. President Barack Obama won the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Martti Ahtisaari won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2008.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Former Vice President Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Muhammed Yunus and Grameen Bank won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Mohamed ElBaradei and the International Atomic Energy Agency won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Wangari Muta Maathai, founder of the Green Belt Movement, Kenya, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Iranian lawyer and human rights activist Shirin Ebadi won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2003.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Former President Jimmy Carter won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Former United Nations Secretary General Koffi Annan, center, with French Forces commander Gen. Alain Pellegrini, right, review UNIFIL soldiers upon Annan’s arrival to the U.N. peacekeeping base in the southern Lebanese town of Naqura, on August 29, 2006. Annan and the United Nations won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Former South Korean President Kim Dae-jung won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

A flag bearing the logo of Medecins sans Frontieres (also known as Doctors Without Borders) stands in the middle of a makeshift clinic at Kenya’s Dadaab refuge on October 16, 2011. Medicins sans Frontieres won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1999.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

David Trimble, left, and John Hume hold up their diplomas and medals after receiving their Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway, on December 10, 1998. Trimble and Hume won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Jody Williams sits in front of donated shoes symbolizing landmine victims during Ban Landmines Week on March 8, 2001, on Capitol Hill in Washington. Williams and the International Campaign to Ban Landmines won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, left, and Jose Ramos-Horta shake hands at the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo on December 9,1996, prior to the awarding ceremony. Belo and Ramos-Horta won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1996.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Palestinian leader Yaser Arafat, from left, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzak Rabin hold up their awards after winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

South African National Congress President Nelson Mandela, left, and South African President F.W. de Klerk shake hands in Oslo, Norway, on December 10, 1993, after being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Rigoberta Menchu campaigns in the Alameda neighborhood of Guatemala City, Guatemala, on November 4, 2011. Menchu won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

U.N. soldiers unload their gear from a C-130 cargo plane as the U.N. observer team policing the Iran-Iraq ceasefire arrives in Baghdad. The United Nations Peacekeeping Forces won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Costa Rican President-elect Oscar Arias waves to supporters after receiving the ceremonial sash at the National Stadium in San Jose on May 8, 2006. Arias won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel appears at a press conference at the United Nations on October 27, 2004 in New York. Wiesel won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Members of the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War clasp hands on October 11, 1985, at the group’s Boston headquarters after the organization was awarded the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize. The doctors are, from left, Eric Chivian, co-founder; John Pastore, secretary; Sidney Alexander, president of the U.S. affiliate group; and James Muller, co founder.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Archbishop Desmond Tutu won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Former Polish President Lech Walesa won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Alva Myrdal, right, and Alfonso Garcia Robles won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1982, having played a central role in the United Nations’ disarmament negotiations.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Refugees are registered in Somalia in November 1981. The Nobel Peace Prize that year was awarded to the United Nations’ refugee agency, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Adolfo Perez Esquivel, who has devoted his life to the struggle for human rights, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1980.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Mother Teresa, founder of the Missionaries of Charity order, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

President Jimmy Carter, center, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, left, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin join hands after signing the Camp David Accords. Sadat and Begin won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Amnesty International won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan, co-founders of the Community for Peace People, share a joke while leading a peace rally of Catholic and Protestant woman in the Protestant Shankill Road, in Belfast, on August 28, 1976. Williams and Corrigan won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1976.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato, left, and Irish official Sean MacBride shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1974.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Hanoi’s delegate Le Duc Tho cheers to the crowd while leaving the International Conference Center in Paris on January 23, 1973, after meeting with presidential adviser Henry Kissinger, center. Le Duc Tho and Kissinger won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

German Chancellor Willy Brandt poses after being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize n Oslo on December 10, 1971.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Dr. Norman Borlaug holds up stalks of his specifically crossbred wheat, designed to be more disease-resistant. Borlaug won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The International Labour Organization won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969. David Morse was the director general of the organization from 1948-70.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Rene Cassin, the French jurist and a deputy chairman of the NATO committee for human rights, holds up a telegram after being notified of winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1968.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Children drink milk handed out by UNICEF workers in Moundou, Chad, on October 26, 1965. UNICEF won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. displays his Nobel Peace Prize medal in December 1964 in Oslo, Norway. Then 35, King was the youngest man to have received the prize. The U.S. civil rights leader was slain in 1968.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

A group of Red Cross rescue workers hold a capsule used to supply food and beverages to three trapped miners at an iron ore mine near Lengede, Germany, on October 28, 1963. The League of Red Cross Societies won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1963.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

American chemist Linus Pauling won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1962 for his campaigning for a nuclear test ban treaty. Pauling also won the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1954.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Dag Hammarskjold, Swedish politician and the second U.N. secretary general, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1961.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

King Olav V of Norway, left, shakes hands with Albert Lutuli, president-general of the African National Congress, after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1960 in Oslo.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

British politician Philip Noel-Baker was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1959.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Georges Pire, right, receives the Nobel Peace Prize in 1958 for his efforts to help European refugees leave their camps and return to a life of freedom and dignity.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Canadian politician Lester Bowles Pearson won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his active role in attempting to prevent war.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

North Korean refugees cross the Naktong River in South Korea on August 6, 1950, just a short time before the beginning of the conflict between North and South Korea. The U.N. forces in Korea had set a time limit of 15 hours for crossing the river. In 1954, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the UNHCR, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Gen. George Catlett Marshall of the U.S. Army won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Dr. Albert Schweitzer — a physician, philosopher and theologian — won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Leon Jouhaux, a French union activist, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1951.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Ralph Bunche won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950 for his “unremitting campaign to develop man’s ability to live in peace, harmony and mutual understanding with his fellows,” according to the Nobel Committee.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Lord John Boyd Orr, a British nutritionist and health campaigner, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

A family begins to assimilate in a new community on August 4, 1941, after being rehabilitated by the American Quakers and the Unitarian service committee, after fleeing with thousands of others from war-torn Lorraine, France, to begin a new life. The Friends Service Council (The Quakers) and the American Friends Service Committee won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1947.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

John Raleigh Mott, left, and Emily Greene Balch won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1946. Mott won for his contributions to the creation of a peace-promoting religious brotherhood across national boundaries. Balch won for unrelenting efforts to fight for peace.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

American Red Cross workers check packages for troops fighting in Leyte, Philippines, on November 20,1944. The International Committee of the Red Cross won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1944.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The Nansen International Office for Refugees won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1938.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Viscount Cecil of Chelwood won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937 for promoting peace at a time of war.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Carlos Saavedra Lamas won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1936 for his personal contribution to the cause of peace in Latin America.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Carl Von Ossietzky, seen here in a concentration camp uniform, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1935.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Arthur Henderson, Britain’s foreign secretary, arrives at 10 Downing Street in London on August 17, 1931. Henderson won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1934.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Sir Norman Angell won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1933 for promoting international peace.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Swedish Bishop Nathan Söderblom won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1930. Söderblom was the first clergyman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Frank Billings Kellogg, an American diplomat, speaks after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in a ceremony at the Nobel Institute in Oslo, Norway. The award commemorates his origination of the Kellogg Peace Pact, which was signed by European nations and the United States in Paris. Kellogg won the Peace Prize in 1929.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

French educator Ferdinand Buisson was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1927 with Ludwig Quidde, right, who founded the League for Human Rights.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

German politician and industrialist Gustav Stresemann, left, and French politician Aristide Briand received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

British statesman and Secretary of State for the Colonies Joseph Chamberlain, left, and American statesman and financier Charles Gates Dawes won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1925.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Norwegian Arctic explorer and statesman Fridtjof Nansen won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Christian Lous Lange, left, and Karl Hjalmar Branting won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1921 for promoting global peace.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

French socialist statesman Leon Victor Auguste Bourgeois, founder of the League of Nations, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1920.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

President Woodrow Wilson won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Belgian diplomat Henri La Fontaine, who served as president of the Permanent International Peace Bureau, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1913.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

American jurist and statesman Elihu Root, who served as U.S. Secretary of War from 1899-1904, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912 for his promotion of international arbitration.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Tobias Michael Carel Asser, left, and Alfred Hermann Fried won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1911 for their efforts in promoting peace among nations.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The International Peace Bureau won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

French diplomat Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d’Estournelles de Constant, Baron de Constant de Rebecque, left, and Belgian Prime Minister Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1909.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Danish writer and politician Fredrik Bajer, left, and Swedish author and politician Klas Pontus Arnoldson won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1908.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The Nobel Peace Prize in 1907 was awarded jointly to Italian journalist Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, left, and French industrialist Louis Renault.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 was awarded to U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Austrian author Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner became the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Members of the Red Cross Motor Corps, all wearing masks to protect against the further spread of the influenza epidemic, carry a patient on a stretcher into an ambulance in St. Louis in October 1918. The International Committee of the Red Cross won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1917.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The Institute of International Law won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1904 for promoting peace around the world.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

English politician, pacifist and trade unionist Sir William Randal Cremer won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1903.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Swiss activist Elie Ducommun and Swiss lawyer Charles Albert Gobat won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1902.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

The first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901 was awarded jointly to Swiss activist Jean Henry Dunant, left, and French economist Frederic Passy.

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