Britons headed out in their droves to pay their respect to Britain’s war dead at memorials up and down the country today despite the Government urging councils to ‘discourage’ the public from events during the nation’s second lockdown.
Groups across the UK held their own memorials alongside the scaled-down annual National Service of Remembrance in London, during which Prince Charles, Prince William and Prime Minister Boris Johnson laid wreaths in solemn remembrance.
Socially-distanced crowds of people stood in sombre silence at the Commando memorial in Spean Bridge, Scotland.
Meanwhile, pre-booked visitors gathered at the National Memorial Arboretum in Alrewas, Staffordshire for a service that was livestreamed online.
Similar events were seen in Sheffield, where bagpipes were sounded for a small group of onlookers – in stark contrast to the crowds usually seen in the city’s annual parade.
Britons headed out in their droves to pay their respect to Britain’s war dead at memorials up and down the country (in Spean Bridge, Scotland pictured) today despite the Government urging councils to ‘discourage’ the public from events during the nation’s second lockdown
In Seaham, County Durham, huge crowds gathered of a memorial service – with the fog-filled sky and dreary weather providing a sombre backdrop
Britons gathered by a memorial in Seaham, County Durham, on Remembrance Sunday. Some wore protective face masks
In Seaham, Britons stood together as they remembered those who have lost their lives in the First World War
Socially-distanced crowds were seen in Seaham as locals took to the outdoors to pay their respects on an overcast Sunday morning
Crowds in London stood with their heads bowed as they took part in a minute silence to remember those who lost their lives in the first world war
A memorial was held outdoors in Beaconsfield in Buckinghamshire as local authorities followed strict social distancing rules
Chaplins, veterans and soldiers at the National Memorial Arboretum in Alrewas, Staffordshire, earlier today
Over 200 military veterans and members of the public observed the minute silence for Remembrance Sunday in Glasgow
In Liverpool, members of the Royal Tank Regiment stand outside St Stephen’s Church hall – where mass testing is being carried out – to observe a two-minute silence
The members of the Royal Tank Regiment paid their respects as they stood outside Liverpool’s St Stephens Church hall today
Current Government guidance states that local authorities in England can hold events at a ‘public war memorial or cenotaph’ providing they are outdoors, numbers are kept to a minimum, social distancing is observed and they are kept short.
Most religious services are banned under winter lockdown restrictions, which began on Thursday, with anyone caught attending facing a £200 fine.
The Government has issued a warning, urging local authorities ‘be mindful’ of the risk of spreading coronavirus that such social gatherings can cause.
‘Members of the public are legally permitted to stop and watch the event as spectators,’ the guidance says.
‘But event organisers should take reasonable steps to discourage the public from attending events, and be mindful of the risk that such events pose, especially to veterans who are often elderly.’
Pre-booked visitors gathered at the National Memorial Arboretum in Alrewas, Staffordshire for a service that was livestreamed online
Pre-booked visitors stand at the National Memorial Arboretum in Alrewas where a virtual Act of Remembrance from the Armed Forces Memorial will be broadcast
Similar events were seen in Sheffield, where bagpipes were sounded for a small group of onlookers – in stark contrast to the crowds usually seen in the city’s annual parade
One proud local in Sheffield shared pictures of the city’s memorial and wrote: ‘Proud socially-distanced Sheffielders weren’t going to let the pandemic and fog this morning stop them from remembering those that gave their lives for our freedom’
In Exeter Cathedral, a socially-distance service was live streamed as parishioners watched on from the safety of their own homes
Clergy process to the war memorial to lay a wreath after a closed and socially distanced remembrance service at Exeter Cathedral
In Parliament Square in London, crowds gathered to take part in a minute’s silence as watchful police officers stood guard
How does England’s winter lockdown affect churchgoers and Remembrance Sunday services?
Under England’s latest lockdown, which comes into force at midnight tonight, places of worship will close unless they are being used for funerals, individual prayer, formal childcare or other essential voluntary and public services such as support groups.
Exemptions will also be made for churches that are broadcasting acts of worship.
This means Remembrance Sunday services, which are traditionally part of communal worship, cannot go ahead as planned on November 8.
However, rather than being banned entirely the Government has set out a series of guidelines for local authorities and faith leaders hoping to hold the services.
According to the Government: ‘Local authorities in England and faith leaders can organise outdoor Remembrance Sunday events at a public war memorial or cenotaph, if you complete a Covid-19 risk assessment and take all reasonable measures to limit the risk of transmission of the virus.
‘Where necessary, you should engage with neighbouring businesses, transport operators and local transport authorities to assess any risks to the local area of increased visitors from other locations and apply additional mitigations if needed. ‘
These services should be ‘adjusted to ensure the event is as safe as possible.’
- Be outdoors, as transmission risks are significantly reduced;
- Be short and focussed on wreath laying, with a reduced march past or parade only if social distancing can be maintained;
- Take advantage of opportunities for wreath layers to represent wider groups
- Any small, military bands should observe social distancing. Buglers can perform outdoors at Remembrance Sunday events;
- Keep numbers to a minimum, focussing attendance on those wishing to lay wreaths;
- Take reasonable steps to minimise wider public viewing. The public can only attend the event with their own household or those in their support bubble, or individually with one other person from outside their household;
- Observe social distancing at all times.
According to the guidance, attendees should be ‘kept to a minimum’ and should only include:
- People attending as part of their work (such as local councillors, local faith leaders, the local MP)
- People attending in a voluntary capacity on behalf of a recognised organisation
- Members of the armed forces
- Veterans of the armed forces, and/or their representatives or carers
Members of the public are permitted to watch the event but should be discouraged from attending.
In Seaham, County Durham, huge crowds gathered of a memorial service – with the fog-filled sky and dreary weather providing a sombre backdrop.
In Exeter Cathedral, a socially-distance service was live streamed as parishioners watched on from the safety of their own homes.
Over 200 military veterans and members of the public observed the minute silence for Remembrance Sunday in Glasgow.
One proud local in Sheffield shared pictures of the city’s memorial and wrote: ‘Proud socially-distanced Sheffielders weren’t going to let the pandemic and fog this morning stop them from remembering those that gave their lives for our freedom.
‘It was a much smaller Remembrance Day service at the Barkers Pool cenotaph, and no parade through the town, but I was pleased to see that it was led by the Sheffield branch of the Parachute Regiment because my Grandad was a Sheffield Para who fought at Arnhem.’
In Parliament Square in London crowds gathered to take part in a minute’s silence as watchful police officers stood guard.
Also in London was Laurence Fox, leader of the Reclaim party, who stepped out for a Remembrance Sunday ceremony at the Royal Artillery War Memorial in Hyde Park Corner.
Meanwhile, the Queen, Prince Charles and Prime Minister Boris Johnson led politicians and royals who paid their respects at the Cenotaph in Westminster today.
The public were unable to attend because of lockdown restrictions imposed as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. Millions of people across the UK instead privately paid their respects from home, while others did head to their local war memorials for socially-distanced ceremonies.
At the Cenotaph, around 10,000 veterans would normally pay their respects, but this year there were just 26.
As well as Mr Johnson and Labour leader Sir Keir, former Prime Ministers David Cameron, Tony Blair and Theresa May, Chancellor Rishi Sunak, Home Secretary Priti Patel and Liberal Democrat leader Sir Ed Davey were among the politicians in attendance.
As the clock struck 11am, Mr Johnson, Prince Charles, Prince William and other members of Britain’s elite marked the two-minute silence before laying their wreaths.
The Queen watched on from the royal box at the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office as Prince Charles laid a wreath on her behalf.
Prince William and the Duchess of Cambridge, along with Prince Edward and his wife the Countess of Wessex were also in attendance.
Princess Anne, the Princess Royal, was also at the commemoration.
The first stroke of eleven by Big Ben signalled the start of the two-minute silence.
A military gun was fired to mark the end of the silent tribute, which was observed at war memorials across the country and the Last Post was sounded by the Buglers of the Royal Marines.
The first wreath was laid by the Prince of Wales, followed by Captain James Boughey, who laid a wreath on behalf of the Duke of Edinburgh, who has retired from public royal duties.
Charles then left his own floral tribute and was followed by the Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Wessex and Princess Royal before politicians laid their wreaths.
The Duke of York did not take part in the event, having stepped down from official royal duties following fierce criticism after his Panorama interview about his friendship with sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.
The fog and mist descended on Sheffield city centre on Sunday as locals paid tribute to those who died in World War One
Also in London was Laurence Fox (centre), leader of the Reclaim party, who stepped out for a Remembrance Sunday ceremony at the Royal Artillery War Memorial in Hyde Park Corner
Mr Fox looked solemn as he attended a Remembrance Sunday ceremony at the Royal Artillery War Memorial in Hyde Park Corner
The public are unable to attend because of lockdown restrictions imposed as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. Millions of people across the UK will instead be privately paying their respects from home
Taoiseach Micheal Martin (second right) with Northern Ireland First Minister Arlene Foster (right) during the Remembrance Sunday service in Enniskillen
In Glasgow, veterans were also out in force to pay their respects, despite pleas for members of the public to stay at home amid the second coronavirus lockdown
Prince Harry, the Duke of Sussex, stepped down as a working member of the royal family and now lives in California.
But in a podcast to mark Remembrance Sunday the former Army officer said: ‘Being able to wear my uniform, being able to stand up in service of one’s country, these are amongst the greatest honours there are in life.’
Ahead of today’s service, Prime Minister Boris Johnson had said ‘no virus can stop us’ from commemorating the country’s war dead as he paid his respects at Uxbridge War Memorial in west London at a low-key event on Saturday.
He said: ‘We come together every November to commemorate the servicemen and women from Britain and the Commonwealth who sacrificed their lives for our freedom.
‘In this time of adversity, no virus can stop us from honouring their memory, particularly when we have just celebrated the 75th anniversary of victory in the Second World War.
‘And in times of trial, our tributes matter even more. So let’s come together once again and remember those to whom we owe so much.’
In a video message ahead of his attendance at the Remembrance Sunday service, Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer said: ‘2020 has been a year of struggle and sacrifice, and we know many challenges lie ahead.
In Durham, residents massed at the city’s main war memorial to pay their respects to lost family members on Remembrance Sunday
The Queen watched on from the royal box near the Cenotaph as Prince Charles laid a wreath on her behalf
Members of the Royal Tank Regiment pause the Covid-19 mass testing in Liverpool’s St Stephens Church hall to observe the two minutes silence on Sunday
‘But in these difficult times whenever we are in need of inspiration we can always look with pride, not only to our wartime generations or those who are currently serving our nation at home and abroad, but to all our servicemen and women who throughout this pandemic have stood side by side with our key workers in the battle against this virus.
‘So on this special Remembrance Sunday where we mark 80 years since the Battle of Britain and 75 years since the end of the Second World War, let us say thanks to all those who have served and all those who continue to serve this great country.’
Sir Kier, along with Mr Johnson, Chancellor Rishi Sunak, former Prime Ministers Tony Blair and David Cameron, Liberal Democrat leader Sir Ed Davey and the SNP’s leader in the House of Commons Sir Ian Blackford, was earlier pictured walking down Downing Street on his way to the Cenotaph on Sunday.
Prince Harry was interviewed on the military podcast Declassified.
He continued: ‘To me, the uniform is a symbol of something much bigger, it’s symbolic of our commitment to protecting our country, as well as protecting our values.
‘These values are put in action through service, and service is what happens in the quiet and in the chaos.’
In a brief ceremony at Westminster Abbey on Wednesday, the Queen commemorated the 100th anniversary of the interment of the Unknown Warrior, who represents the First World War soldiers whose place of death is not known or whose remains are unidentified.
The 94-year-old monarch had requested the service – her first public engagement in London since March – after she was advised not to attend an abbey service marking the warrior’s centenary next week, which the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall are expected to join on November 11, Armistice Day.
People were being encouraged to join commemorations on Sunday by sharing family histories, personal stories and messages of remembrance using the hashtag £WeWillRememberThem online.
At the Cenotaph, around 10,000 veterans would normally pay their respects, but this year there are just 26 because of the risks presented by Covid-19. Pictured: The veterans today
Meanwhile, genealogy company Ancestry made more than one billion UK wartime records free to access over the weekend for people to discover the roles their family played in the First and Second World Wars.
Defence Secretary Ben Wallace said: ‘Many of the men and women on parade today have already taken part in efforts to fight coronavirus and many more will do so in the weeks to come.
‘I applaud their selflessness.’
General Sir Nick Carter, Chief of the Defence Staff, said some veterans would find Remembrance Sunday a lonely experience this year due to the Covid-19 restrictions in place.
Sir Nick told the BBC One’s Andrew Marr Show the guidelines would be ‘particularly tough on our veterans’, adding: ‘They traditionally have had the opportunity to get together and talk about their memories and their reflections, but equally to strut their stuff.’
Vice-Marshal Chris Elliot, controller of the RAF Benevolent Fund, said: ‘Services across the UK will sadly look and feel very different this year but what’s important is the significance of Remembrance Sunday has not changed.
‘Today remains a poignant reminder to reflect on the bravery and sacrifice of all those who served.
‘The tenacity and comradery of previous generations in their struggles should serve as an inspiration to us all as we deal with new challenges Covid-19 presents.
‘It should also remind us of the great debt we owe to our veterans, to keep their memories alive.’
To mark Remembrance Sunday, members of the public have been encouraged to share their family histories and commemorative messages online using the hashtag #WeWillRememberThem.
Pre-booked visitors stand at the National Memorial Arboretum in Alrewas, Staffordshire, observe the ‘virtual’ Act of Remembrance from the Armed Forces Memorial which was broadcast to others via Facebook and YouTube
Wreaths were laid at the memorial to commemorate the sacrifice made by Britain’s fallen servicemen and women
Seymour ‘Bill’ Taylor, 95, from Colchester in Essex, who served as an Able Seaman in the Royal Navy onboard HMS Emerald during the D-Day landings joined neighbours in the street to observe the two-minute on Sunday
Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden said: ‘While this year’s service is a little different to normal, I want to encourage everyone to get involved from their own homes – watch on your TV, research your family history – but most importantly, keep safe.’
The commemorations come after the former head of the Royal Navy Lord West of Spithead led a backlash against a ban on services inside churches and warned veterans faced catching pneumonia by being forced to stand outside.
As a result of winter coronavirus lockdown restrictions, most religious services are banned and anyone caught attending one could face a £200 fine.
John ‘Paddy’ Hemingway, the 101-year-old last survivor of the Battle of Britain, is said to be upset by the move.
His son Brian Hemingway said the veteran ‘feels sad,’ people will not be able to come together on Sunday.
But growing uproar from former senior members of the armed forces, and former defence secretary Michael Fallon, has seen calls for an exemption so the day can be properly commemorated.
Lord West of Spithead, the former First Sea Lord, told The Telegraph: ‘If you look at the average size of a church there must be a way of letting veterans in with social distancing.
‘It seems very silly to have them standing outside in the freezing cold. This puts them more at risk. They will die of pneumonia rather than Covid.’
The Royal British Legion earlier confirmed there will not be the annual March Past the Cenotaph.
On its website the charity said it recognised the decision was ‘deeply disappointing,’ adding it was taken following Government advice.
Guidance from the Government allows local authorities in England to organise events at a ‘public war memorial or cenotaph’ so long as they are held outdoors, they are short and those in attendance observe social distancing measures.
Former Prime Minister Theresa May also criticised the decision to ban church services.
She told the House of Commons: ‘The Covid-secure Remembrance service in Worcester Cathedral is now going to be turned into a pre-recorded online service.
‘Surely those men and women who gave down their lives for our freedom deserve better than this?’
Former Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon, said: ‘Veterans are perfectly capable of social distancing and wearing face masks for half an hour and I hope the Government will think again. It seems ridiculous. We trusted veterans to put their lives on the line for the country but we cannot trust them to stand two metres apart in church.’
Several members in the House of Lords raised concerns over the impact of the move on people’s mental health, pointing out that for many elderly people attending church was their only regular social activity.
Defending the rule, Communities Minister Lord Greenhalgh said: ‘We have come to a critical point in the fight against Covid-19.’
Stressing the need to ‘limit our interaction with others’, he said: ‘Therefore, with great regret, while places of worship will remain open for individual prayer, communal worship cannot take place at this time.’
Pressing the minister, Tory peer Lord Cormack said he had ‘not given a single shred of evidence as to why churches should not be open for public worship’.
He said a remembrance service had been planned for this Sunday in Lincoln Cathedral, which was ‘an immense space where everybody can be properly socially distanced’.
Lord Cormack added: ‘Instead, the Government have come up with an imbecilic answer – that the veterans, all of whom are 90 and over, can stand in the cold and be rained on, but they cannot go into a safe, socially distanced cathedral.
‘This is a disgrace.’