Belarusian opposition leader flees to Lithuania after contesting Lukashenko’s re-election

Belarusian opposition leader Svetlana Tikhanouskaya says she fled to Lithuania for the sake of her children, after two nights of clashes following the contested re-election of President Alexander Lukashenko.

Tikhanouskaya, a 37-year-old former English teacher, emerged from obscurity to mount the biggest challenge in years to Lukashenko, taking her husband’s place in the campaign after he was jailed.

“You know, I thought that this whole campaign really had hardened me and given me so much strength that I could handle anything,” she said Tuesday, explaining her decision to leave the country in a sombre video released on her husband’s YouTube channel.

“But probably, I’m still the weak woman I was in the first place. I have made a very difficult decision for myself.”

Both she and the Belarusian authorities said she had not been forced to leave.

Riot police detain a man during a rally of opposition supporters in Minsk who accuse Lukashenko of falsifying the polls in the presidential election. (Sergei Gapon/AFP/Getty Images)

There had been concern about Tikhanouskaya’s whereabouts after her campaign team said on Monday they had been unable to reach her by phone hours after she was known to have left a meeting with central election commission officials.

By Tuesday morning, she had joined her children in Lithuania. The state border committee later confirmed her departure.

“And I know that many people will understand me, many will judge me and many will hate me. But, you know, God forbid being faced with such a choice,” she said.

“So, people, take care please — no life is worth what is happening now. Children are the most important thing in our lives.”

Lithuanian Foreign Minister Linas Linkevicius said on Tuesday that Russia was trying to use a political crisis in Belarus to draw Minsk closer into its orbit by pressuring it to agree to closer integration.

WATCH | Police crack down on presidential election protest in Belarus:

The president of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko, is claiming victory while the opposition candidate, Svetlana Tsikhanouskaya, is rejecting the result, saying the vote was rigged. State officials say Lukashenko has won a sixth consecutive term in office. 2:46

President Vladimir Putin said on Monday he wanted neighbouring Belarus to reactivate stalled plans for more integration with Russia after the contested election win left Lukashenko, an on-and-off Russian ally, on the defensive.

Linkevicius, speaking to Reuters in a video call, called Russia’s actions another “vector of instability” for Belarus.

“When the [Belarusian] government is weaker, it’s logical there’s pressure. It’s an additional challenge,” he said.

Internet blackout 

Belarusian health officials said more than 200 people have been hospitalized with injuries following the protests, and some underwent surgery.

At least one person died as police clashed with protesters on Monday after the opposition accused Lukashenko of rigging the vote amid widespread criticism from Western leaders.

Helmeted police fired tear gas, rubber bullets and stun grenades and used batons to disperse thousands of people in Minsk in a second night of violence. Protesters set up barricades in several areas and threw petrol bombs.

The government said Tuesday that more than 2,000 people were detained across the country for taking part in unsanctioned protests on Monday evening and overnight. It also said 21 police officers were injured in clashes with protesters, and five of them were hospitalized.

The previous day, the government reported more than 3,000 detentions and said 89 people were injured, including 39 law enforcement officers.

Lawyer Mikhail Kirillyuk said police have withheld information about the detainees from their families. He said he and other lawyers have been unable to locate their clients.

“It’s an information vacuum,” he said.

In power for more than a quarter of a century, Lukashenko has compared the protesters to criminal gangs and dangerous revolutionaries with shadowy foreign backers.

Protest groups were trying to use limited access to the Telegram messaging service to coordinate anti-government action, but say an internet shutdown, which they blame on the authorities, has been effective in slowing them down.

Mobile phone internet has been offline since protesters clashed with police on Sunday.

People place flowers near the site where a protester died on Monday night during a rally. (Vasily Fedosenko/Reuters)

Limited Wi-Fi internet access is only sporadically available after users install a separate program, while many social media websites are blocked. Lukashenko has denied the authorities are trying to shut down the internet.

Alexander, 42, a protester in Minsk, said he had not read a news article or social media post in two days: “I can’t see the news so I really don’t know anything.”

He said he went home on Monday evening thinking the protests in Minsk had ended, but across town, violent clashes were raging in several districts, with some protesters building barricades and police firing rubber bullets and stun grenades.

Many protesters in Minsk told Reuters they had joined the Monday evening protests spontaneously and were simply following crowds of people they had spotted.

Twitter said on Monday: “We’re seeing blocking & throttling of Twitter in #Belarus in reaction to protests contesting the election result. #KeepItOn.”

‘Not free and fair’

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo also said Tuesday that the election was “not free and fair” and condemned “ongoing violence against protesters and the detention of opposition supporters.”

Foreign observers have not judged an election to be free and fair in Belarus since 1995, and the run-up to this month’s vote saw authorities jail Lukashenko’s rivals and open criminal investigations of others who voiced opposition.

Police used rubber bullets and tear gas to break up protests challenging the result of last weekend’s presidential election. (Sergei Gapon/AFP/Getty Images)

Tikhanouskaya’s campaign rallies drew some of the biggest crowds since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. She was initially reluctant to run for office, saying she had received an anonymous threat of having her children taken away.

She moved them abroad during the campaign.

Her husband, Syarhei, had popularized a protest movement that compared Lukashenko to a cockroach character from a children’s fairytale. He was arrested in May.