Anthony Albanese has written to the United to Nations to increase Australia’s emissions reduction targets in the middle of an energy crisis.
The Prime Minister signed the letter to UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa in Canberra on Thursday as millions of Australians were urged to conserve power to avoid blackouts.
He was accompanied by Climate Change Minister Chris Bowen and industry stakeholders, including business groups, trade unions and energy advocates.
Mr Albanese pledged to reduce Australia’s emissions by 43 per cent by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. The Coalition’s target was 26-28 per cent.
Prime Minister Anthony Albanese signing of the Nationally Determined Contribution
Announcing he had sent the letter on Thursday, Mr Albanese said world leaders had welcomed Australia’s more ambitious targets.
‘When I’ve spoken with international leaders in the last few weeks, they have all welcomed Australia’s changed position,’ he said.
‘Our changed position of 43 per cent, up by 17 to 15 per cent, from the 26 to 28 per cent target that had remained there since Tony Abbott determined it in 2015.’
Mr Albanese said his policy was solid and achievable.
‘We announced last December what our policy framework would be. At the time we released the most comprehensive modelling of any policy by any opposition since federation. What we didn’t do was set a target and then work out how to get there,’ he said.
‘What we did was work out what good policy looked like, and it happened to come out with a 43 per cent target by 2030.
‘What businesses have been crying out for is investment certainty. The certainty they need to invest over a longer timeframe than the political cycle of three years, let alone the 24-hour media cycle that dominated the former government’s thinking.’
The National Electricity Market has been suspended and hospitals were ordered to reduce electricity use. Pictured is the Tomago aluminium smelter in NSW, which was forced to cut production to reduce the chance of a blackout
Meanwhile, Australia is facing a power shortage due to planned and unexpected outages at coal-fired power stations during the freezing winter.
The National Electricity Market has been suspended, hospitals ordered to reduce electricity use and millions of people urged not to use basic appliances.
Minister Bowen said the solution is to rapidly invest in renewable energy and storage – not more unreliable coal power.
‘The problem is there is not enough investment in renewable energy. There hasn’t been enough investment in storage,’ he said.
‘Yes, you can say the wind doesn’t always blow and the sun doesn’t always shine. The rain doesn’t always fall either but we can store the water and we can store renewable energy if we have the investment.’
The potential for mass blackouts has increased with about 1800MW of coal-fired power not operating in Queensland and 1200MW of capacity offline in the states of NSW, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania.
The Tomago aluminium smelter in NSW, the country’s biggest electricity user, was also forced to cut production to reduce the chance of a blackout.
NSW Treasurer Matt Kean on Wednesday evening begged residents not to run dishwashers until late at night, and Sydney hospital staff were ordered to conserve power in all non-clinical settings.
‘This is the result of two-and-a-half decades of policy failures by all sides of politics,’ Victorian state Liberal MP Tim Smith said on Wednesday night.
‘Like a third world country, we are rationing power in the two first weeks of winter.’
Former Victorian Liberal Party President Michael Kroger said Australia had become ‘an international laughing stock’ over the crisis.
‘We’ve got more uranium, oil, gas, gold, diamonds, whatever. We are the most energy rich country on the globe,’ he told Sky News on Wednesday night.
‘We’re exploding with natural resources, yet we have an energy crisis. What a farce.’
Millions of households in NSW have been urged not to use appliances such as dishwashers (pictured) in order to conserve electricity and help prevent blackouts
Mr Bowen said though power outages had been avoided up to now, the grid is still vulnerable to unexpected challenges.
‘The system is under pressure,’ he said.
The Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) suspended the spot market in NSW, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria for the first time ever at 2.05pm on Wednesday.
It blamed the crisis on planned and unexpected coal power station outages, scheduled transmission outages, the early onset of winter and periods of low wind and solar output.
AEMO will apply a predetermined pricing schedule for each state, reportedly between $300MWh and $500MWh.
The figure will be based on the past four weeks of average wholesale spot prices.
Why did AEMO suspend the electricity market?
- A large number of generation units are out of action for planned maintenance
- Planned transmission outages
- Periods of low wind and solar output
- Around 3000 MW of coal fired generation out of action through unplanned events
- An early onset of winter – increasing demand for both electricity and gas