“In this context of increased exposure to attacks facilitated by suppliers, the risk profile of individual suppliers will become particularly important,” EU officials said in a statement.
The United States says that Huawei products pose a national security risk because they could be used by Beijing for spying. Huawei has denied the accusations, and called on the Trump administration to provide evidence to back up its claims.
Europe has so far resisted pressure to ban Huawei products. The European Union is conducting a wider security review due by the end of December that will include steps to safeguard 5G networks.
The EU’s top security official Julian King told reporters that the decision not to name problematic suppliers was not “ducking the issue.” Instead, he said the report would empower EU countries to make informed choices.
Huawei is the world’s largest supplier of telecoms equipment, and its market share in Europe is estimated at between 35% and 40%.
“We are pleased to note that the EU delivered on its commitment to take an evidence-based approach, thoroughly analyzing risks rather than targeting specific countries or actors,” said a spokesperson for Huawei.
5G isn’t just about fast mobile internet. Other technologies will be made possible with its ability to handle much more bandwidth, allowing the data from sensors, thermostats, cars and robots to work together in real time.
The EU report says critical sectors of the economy including energy, transport, banking and health would all be exposed to new risks as a result of being connected.
“Ensuring the security and resilience of 5G networks is therefore essential,” the report states.